News & Resources

Read the Latest News from Free VT Rivers

Your destination for news and events about dam removals, river restoration, and more!

Video highlights Pelletier Tree Planting

VNRC has created a new video highlighting the tree plantings that were completed in October of 2022 at the Pelletier Dam removal site.

Request for Proposals Out for Trout Brook Dam Removal Feasibility Study

The Franklin County Natural Resources Conservation District has released a request for proposals (RFP) for a feasibility study on the removal of Trout Brook Dam on the Trout Brook in Berkshire, Vermont. The study will report options and preliminary costs to remove the dam, and improve fish passage on the Trout Brook.

Photo of Trout Brook Dam by Karina Dailey, Vermont Natural Resources Council

Wainwright Mill Dam Removal Final Design Awarded to SLR

SLR has been selected to complete the final design for removing the Wainwright Mill Dam on the Halnon Brook in Salisbury, Vermont.

Photo of Wainwright Mill Dam by Karina Dailey, Vermont Natural Resources Council

New Tim Newcomb Comic Highlights Dam Removals

Vermont Natural Resources Council partnered with Vermont comic artist Tim Newcomb to create this graphic to spread awareness about the benefits of dam removals. The comic is meant to be used by all!

WATCH: Ghost Dams are in the News!

Someone recently called VNRC a team of ghostbusters for dam removal. We’re more than okay with that!

WATCH this segment from WCAX-TV and learn all about a ghost dam in Jericho, one of the winners of our recent “ghost dam hunt”!

And, read more about ghost dams, and our work to remove derelict dams, HERE.

Got Halloween Plans? Come Plant Trees at the Pelletier Dam Site in Castleton!

Now that the dam and sediment from the Pelletier Dam in Castleton, VT have been removed, the stream bank and surrounding floodplain area will be planted with native trees and shrubs. VNRC is organizing a tree planting on October 31, 2022 from 10 am to 2 pm at the Pelletier site, and welcomes anyone to come visit and plant trees! The dam is located directly across the street from Green Mountain Soapstone (680 East Hubbardton Rd, Castleton). Please park at this address, as there is limited parking at the Dam site. Please bring your own shovel, gloves, water, and waterproof boots for crossing the stream.

Photo is of Pelletier Dam site after removal. Photo credit: Karina Dailey, Vermont Natural Resources Council

Reach out to Mary Perchlik at to RSVP, or for more information.

Vermont Agency of Natural Resources Secretary Highlights the Importance of Dam Removals

Photo of Secretary Julie Moore and Deputy Secretary Maggie Gendron at the Dunklee Pond Dam removal site.

The Vermont Agency of Natural Resources highlighted the importance of dam removals by visiting the Dunklee Pond Dam and Pelletier Dam removal sites. Agency of Natural Resources Secretary Julie Moore was joined by river partners to discuss recent dam removal projects in the Rutland area and the importance of dam removals to Vermonters and Visitors.

pelletier dam before removal

Pelletier Dam Removal Is Completed: Wild Trout and Riparian Habitats Restored in Castleton, VT

Photo of Pelletier Dam before removal. Photo credit: Karina Dailey, Vermont Natural Resources Council

As of October 1st, the health and function of North Breton Brook in Castleton has been remarkably improved through the removal of the Pelletier Dam off East Hubbardton Road. The dam, along with 15,000 cubic yards of sediment, was removed from the stream bed, reconnecting the river to its natural path and flow. 

Photo of Pelletier Dam site after removal! Photo credit: Karina Dailey, Vermont Natural Resources Council

Pelletier dam after removal

The Pelletier Dam was derelict, which means it had not been used for its original purpose as a marble mill in decades. The State of Vermont Fish and Wildlife acquired the dam after the mill closed and recognized the benefits of removing the dam. Dams are a barrier to the passage of the river and aquatic life; they obstruct fish and other animals from traveling the river, block nutrients from feeding plants downstream, warm the temperature of the stream by creating a pond behind the dam which reduces cold water habitat for fish, elevate the water which can increase flood levels, and become a public safety and infrastructure concern for public access at the river and potential damage to homes, roads, and utilities if the dam fails on its own.

The removal of the dam has opened approximately 37 miles of wild trout habitat. For the first time in over 200 years, trout will be able to move freely up and downstream, reconnecting populations and expanding habitat. The removal of the dam also restores about 3000 feet of riparian floodplain and habitat that were previously buried under the pond. This riparian area will act as a sponge, soaking up rain during flood events and improving flood resiliency.  

Now that the dam and sediment have been removed, the stream bank and surrounding floodplain area will be planted with native trees and shrubs. To RSVP for the tree planting event on Oct. 31 (organized by VNRC) and to see photos of the dam before, during, and after removal, please see this link.

Pelletier dam during removal

Photo of Pelletier Dam during removal. Photo credit: Karina Dailey, Vermont Natural Resources Council

Funding for design, permitting, and construction has been provided by NEIWPCC in partnership with the Lake Champlain Basin Program, US Fish and Wildlife Service through the National Fish Passage Program, VNRC, The Nature Conservancy, Vermont Fish and Wildlife Department, the Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation and the Poultney Mettowee Natural Resources Conservation District.

LISTEN: VNRC’s Karina Dailey Discusses Pelletier Dam Removal on Restoration Roundup Podcast

Dam removal is an important way to restore natural flows, habitat, and surrounding vegetation to rivers. Many dams in Vermont are long-standing, with a history of being used for industrial work or creation of recreational spaces such as fishing ponds or swimming holes, but projects like this allow for the passage of aquatic life and the restoration of rivers and their associated floodplains. The Pelletier Dam project has received its funding and permits, begun and nearly finished construction (or de-construction!), and is moving on to the revegetation and monitoring stage.

In this podcast, you can hear Karina Dailey, VNRC’s Restoration Ecologist, along with other guests Shawn Good (Vermont Fish & Wildlife), and Gabe Bolin (Stone Environmental), discuss the process and future plans for this site, learn more about the history of dams, the general goals and tools of dam removal and restoration, how native wildlife interacts with dams (both man-made and beaver-made), and how launching a massive removal project can face challenges but ultimately come through with exciting results.

LISTEN HERE on the Restoration Roundup podcast

WATCH: Pelletier Dam Removal Footage

Filmmakers taking footage of the Pelletier Dam Removal last week in Castleton Vermont. Let the rivers flow!

Another View of Curtis Pond

The following is a letter to the editor in response to the piece “Maple Corner Gives a Dam,” published on August 3 in Seven Days:

[“Maple Corner Gives a Dam,” August 3] fails to map the watershed connection: Pekin Brook and the wetlands that support Curtis Pond are headwaters to the Kingsbury Branch, which flows to the Winooski River and, ultimately, Lake Champlain. Once, this river flowed freely, moving sediment, nutrients, fish and other organisms downstream. Then, in 1900, Curtis Pond Dam was built to create a millpond.

This man-made barrier caused the water to stop moving, resulting in warmer water temperature, less dissolved oxygen and a sediment-starved downstream. The trout were replaced by sunfish, the biodiversity dropped, nutrients were trapped and the emergent wetland vegetation suffocated.

Reconnecting rivers is a nature-based solution to climate change, and it’s no secret that Lake Champlain is in trouble. Local watershed associations and conservation districts, regional planners, and state and federal partners are working hard with communities to weigh the benefits and impacts and prioritize projects that achieve the most water quality, habitat and public safety improvements while at the same time supporting improved public access for recreation, including fishing, swimming and boating. Vermont’s future depends on clean water, and removal of derelict dams is part of the clean water puzzle.

Curtis Pond is obviously an important resource to the residents of Maple Corner, and the Vermont Natural Resources Council supports their efforts to maintain it. But it is equally important to understand the trade-offs these decisions involve. We must take every advantage to remove derelict dams that fragment habitat, degrade water quality and pose a threat to downstream properties.

Karina Dailey


Dailey is a restoration ecologist with the Vermont Natural Resources Council.

Crooked Creek Dam Removal in Colchester, VT is Complete!

Crooked Creek Dam Removal in Colchester, VT is Complete! The work on this dam removal was led by Allaire Diamond from Vermont Land Trust (VLT).

Photo credit: Nick Clark

WATCH: Montague Dam in Post Mills, VT is complete!

Ron Rhodes and CT River Conservancy were the lead on this project.

WUV New Funding Opportunity 

Applications due September 8, 2022. We are pleased to release Watersheds United Vermont’s (WUV’s) new Department of Environmental Conservation Dam Removal Design and Implementation Block Grant (Dam Removal DIBG). WUV has approximately $500,000 to subgrant to eligible entities for dam removal projects that reduce sediment and nutrient pollution, including phosphorus, from runoff and soil erosion that discharge into the State’s rivers, streams, lakes, ponds, and wetlands. WUV seeks proposals for the preliminary design, final design, and implementation of dam removal projects in Vermont. Funding is provided by the Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation’s (VT DEC) Clean Water Initiative Program (CWIP) and is administered by WUV.  Projects must be completed by 2024. No leverage/match is required under this program. Voluntary leverage/match is appreciated, particularly for larger implementation projects given the limited availability of funds. Please note that this funding can’t be used as match/leverage for other funding sources. All materials including Grant Guidelines, Grant Application, mandatory Dam Removal Project Readiness and Eligibility Form, and CWIP Funding Policy are now posted on WUV’s Block Grant website.  Please reach out to Christian Pelletier, WUV’s Grant Administrator, and Lyn Munno, WUV’s Director, with any questions on this grant. 

Removal Work Has Started at Pelletier Dam in Castleton, VT

July 11, 2022

Photos courtesy of Gabe Bolin, Stone Environmental

The removal of the Pelletier Dam in Castleton has begun. This derelict stone dam, located on North Breton Brook off of East Hubbardton Road and approximately 0.85 river miles upstream from the confluence with the Castleton River, was originally built around 1792 to power an industrial marble mill (the Sherman Marble Mill complex).  In addition to water power, the dam impoundment was also used for commercial ice harvesting.  After the closing of the Marble Mill in this location, the dam was acquired by the State of Vermont Fish and Wildlife Department who recognize that the ecological benefits of dam removal far outweigh the barrier that  blocks trout species from moving up and down North Breton Brook. “For over 200 years the dam has caused a significant impediment to stream flow, sediment transport, water quality, public safety and fish passage along North Breton Brook and the Castleton River.  The removal of this dam will reconnect approximately 37 miles of wild  trout habitat and restore approximately 3000 feet of riparian floodplain and stream habitat,” said Karina Dailey, Restoration Ecologist of Vermont Natural Resources Council.

The spring 2022 issue of the Watershed Forestry Partnership newsletter is out!

This issue includes stories about removing the Dunklee Pond Dam; restoration work to benefit birds and bees; using willows multiple ways in restoration projects; and more! Thank you to those of you who submitted stories and updates for this issue. The first page of the newsletter is below, and the complete issue is attached and available online here.

Tenney Brook Tree Planting in Rutland, VT

Friday, May 20 @ 10-12 & 1-3pm

Come Restore a River Floodplain by Planting 900 Native Trees!

Volunteers needed!  Join us to celebrate the removal of Dunklee Dam and restore the river floodplain with native trees! Tree planting will be on-going so just stop by for an hour or plant all day!

Hosted by Restoration Ecologist Karina Daily, Vermont Natural Resources Council (VNRC)
Location: Dunklee Pond Dam, Rotary Park, 175 N. Main Street in Rutland, VT

Pelletier Dam Removal Site Tour in Castleton, VT

Thursday, May 26 @ 1-3pm

Removal of this dam in Castleton is planned this summer and will reconnect approximately 37 miles of trout habitat. Tour with VT Fish and Wildlife Department & Vermont Natural Resources Council and see plans to reconnect approximately 37 miles of trout habitat.

Location: US Route 4 West to Exit 5; North 1/4 miles on East Hubbardton Road

Join us for a Webinar to Celebrate World Fish Migration Day!

April 13, 2022 — Did you know that Vermont has nearly 1,000 dams on its rivers? While many property owners and communities are strongly attached to their dams, their continued presence comes at a cost to fish passage, poses... Read more »

Request for Proposals: Removing Montague Dam in Thetford, Vermont

March 15, 2022 — The Connecticut River Conservancy (CRC) is requesting proposals from qualified individuals or firms for the removal of Montague Dam, located in Thetford, Vermont.  Bids must be sent to no later than 5:00 p.m. on... Read more »

Request for Proposals: Removing Pelletier Dam in Castleton, Vermont

March 9, 2022 — The Vermont Natural Resources Council (VNRC) is requesting proposals from qualified individuals or firms for the removal of Pelletier Dam, located in Castleton, Vermont.  Email bids must be sent in pdf format to no... Read more »

Request for Proposals: Removing Connolly Pond Dam in Shrewsbury, Vermont

December 3, 2021 — The Vermont Natural Resources Council (VNRC) is requesting proposals from qualified individuals or firms to provide 100% design plans for removal of Connolly Pond Dam, located in Shrewsbury, Vermont. Proposals must be submitted in pdf... Read more »

Mayor Allaire, VNRC and Partners Celebrate the Removal of Dunklee Pond Dam

October 8, 2021 — On October 7, 2021, Mayor Allaire, VNRC and its partners met along Tenney Brook in Rutland to celebrate the removal of Dunklee Pond Dam. The derelict dam was removed to benefit public safety, fish and... Read more »

Request for Proposals: Breadloaf Dam Removal Feasibility and Preliminary Engineering and Concept Design

September 30, 2021 — The Vermont Natural Resources Council (VNRC) is requesting that engineers who are licensed to practice in Vermont submit proposals for a comprehensive geomorphological assessment, preliminary (30%) design and sediment management plan for removal of Breadloaf... Read more »

Man oversees cleanup of Dunklee Pond Dam site after dam removal

Dunklee Pond cleanup underway

September 2, 2021 — This article originally ran in the Rutland Herald on August 10, 2021 Almost 2 years after the city’s emergency demolition of the Dunklee Pond Dam, the state is cleaning up what’s left. A team led by the Vermont Natural Resources Council is overseeing the removal of... Read more »

Press release: Vermont Natural Resources Council begins Dunklee Pond Dam removal in Rutland

August 6, 2021 — August 6, 2021 — Removal of the Dunklee Pond Dam on Tenney Brook in the City of Rutland, Vermont is now underway following a three-year design and permitting process. The dam is classified as a... Read more »

Request for Construction Bids: Dunklee Pond Dam Removal

June 30, 2021 — The Vermont Natural Resources Council (VNRC) is seeking competitive bids to remove Dunklee Pond Dam and restore Tenney Brook in Rutland, Vermont.  The goal is to remove the failing dam and accumulated sediment to reduce... Read more »